The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and other Indian research institutes are designing and developing the coronagraphy spacecraft Aditya L1.
To do this, it will be placed in a halo orbit around the L1 point between the Earth and the Sun, where it will investigate the solar atmosphere, solar magnetic storms, and the effects of these events on Earth's climate.
The monitoring of the Sun's photosphere, chromosphere, and corona, as well as the genesis and monitoring of near-UV solar radiation and the study of solar energetic particles and the solar magnetic field, are all essential scientific goals.
The PSLV-XL launch vehicle will carry the first Indian mission explicitly designed to study the Sun into orbit in August or September 2023.
The Advisory Committee for Space Research first conceived of Aditya in January 2008.
Initially, it was supposed to be a small, 400 kg (880 lb), LEO(800 km) satellite equipped with a coronagraph to investigate the sun's corona. For the 2016–2017 fiscal year, the budget for experimental purposes was set at 3 Crore INR.
The data collected by the Aditya L1 payloads will be used to understand better the coronal heating and mass ejection problems, the dynamics of space weather, the transmission of particles and fields, and much more.
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